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Makeup History - 1



Makeup is a method of beautifying the face by using colored products called makeup.


In prehistoric times, people used tattoos and ritual makeup, but over time, makeup has acquired a purely aesthetic function.

Ancient Egypt

In Egypt, we find the first testimonies inscribed on the walls of temples, and in various Egyptian tombs were discovered real makeup kits. The symbol of Egyptian beauty is related to Cleopatra. Cleopatra's hairstyle and her fish-shaped eye makeup still inspire make-up artists and hairdressers today. Egypt had an influence on the peoples of the Middle East and the Mediterranean until the Middle Ages. Black khol was used extensively, as were green and blue eye makeup. They also used a primitive mascara that was actually dissolved khol.

Khol was obtained from antimony or soot. The Khol with which the Egyptians outlined their eyes had the quality of protecting people's eyes from the consequences of walking through the desert. He constantly irritates the tear glands. In addition to its daily functionality, it also had a symbolic function leading to the eye of Horus. Horus was the sacred falcon whose visual acuity symbolizes the struggle of light against darkness.

The beauties of Egypt used to extend their eye makeup to the temples to give them the shape of an almond. Both nobles and slaves powdered their faces and necklines in bright, sunny colors with various iridescences.

The ancient Egyptians often used a few grams of lead in the composition of makeup for the eye area, the medicinal virtues of this chemical element being praised by Greek and Roman doctors.

Queen Cleopatra, the symbol of Egyptian beauty, had precise recipes according to which she prepared her make-up and ointments, and her hairstyle and make-up were made by make-up artists who did make-up and hairstyle according to the shape of her face.

The ancient Egyptians used mercury-based cosmetics.

The ingredients of modern cosmetics are still a surprise to those who use them: for example, lipstick contains a gelatinous substance obtained from fish scales. This, called "pearl essence", is obtained from herring, being one of the many by-products obtained from fish.


In China, women used to make a red mark in the middle of their foreheads. A similar practice still exists in India and Nepal, where it signifies a involvement in spiritual or religious life.

In traditional Japanese makeup, the white face is a sign of nobility, as it appears in traditional Japanese makeup (kabuki). Even today, white is considered a sign of nobility for the Japanese, as evidenced by their care products, many of which are for whitening the face.

The eyebrows were epilated, their shape being then outlined in black, and red was present on the lips and nails, matching chromatically with white and black.

The geishas took special care of the way they looked. The technique was learned in special schools where they were educated from an early age, and makeup included the neck and neck, considered the most beautiful places for a woman.

The geishas took special care of the way they looked

In terms of theatrical makeup, one of the oldest examples is that of Japanese kabuki. The genre was played only by men and used bright makeup, in very bright colors, because the play area was very dimly lit.

The actors' faces were painted white, their hair was always black, arranged in monumental hairstyles, their lips were red, and their eyes were underlined by black stripes.

Makeup in ancient Greece

In ancient Greece, women whitened their skin with limestone or lead carbonate, eyelashes were soaked and soaked in egg white, and an arsenic-based product was used for hair removal.

The ingredients used led to skin damage and premature death of users.

If the ladies wanted a little more color, they chose ocher glue and iron cream as lipstick. The women painted their palms red henna to look younger.

Charcoal pencils and red paint sticks were in high demand at the time.

Ancient Rome

The Romanians used cosmetics to the fullest: khol for the eyes, chalk for whitening the skin, lipstick for the cheeks, depilators, sea foam for whitening teeth.

Ovidiu wrote a work called "The Art of Beauty", in which he gave all kinds of advice and recipes to interested women.

Horatiu describes three types of colored makeup: red lead oxide, carmine and an extract of crocodile feces. White skin was very fashionable among noble women and although the toxicity of lead carbonate, used to whiten the face, was known, women still used it.

The Romans used cosmetics to the fullest

The beauty products reached their peak during the Roman Empire, when the ladies already had slaves specially prepared for the application of various make-up, with the appearance of charcoal for the face and foundation called fucus.

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